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Statement of the Problem, Background, Purpose of Research and Significance

The Introduction is the actual beginning of the proposal. Page-numbering using Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3…) start here with number one (1). Use the Roman numeral system (i, ii, iii...) for numbering the previous or preliminary pages.

The Statement of the Problem consists of one or two sentences that clarify the research question; it is based on what is known and unknown in reference to the subject matter. The intention of the statement of the problem is to impact the reader and convince the potential granter of the importance of the project.

The research question should be specific, measurable and precise; it should guide all phases of the study. It is the foundation upon which the writer derives the statement of the problem, purpose (overall objective), specific aims and hypotheses. The research question directs the researcher into the selection of the population and other characteristics of the study, such as measurement and evaluation methods and form of presentation.

To summarize the background of what is known, select the most relevant articles from the table prepared after the literature review (see below). Articles with similar results are reported as a group; contradictory articles are reported as separate groups, using statements that summarize the conclusions. Keep in mind that at this stage, the proposer is writing to a reader that is not necessarily familiar with the subject. Thus, the introduction should be clear to the non-specialist.

Clever presentation of what is unknown about the topic will lead to the importance of solving the particular research problem in order to fill a gap in the common knowledge. This is the basis for the significance; that is, the conviction of the relevance of the project.

The introduction culminates with an announcement of the specific aims or fundamental actions that define the project.



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